The State of the Markets:
When stocks enter a corrective phase, the main question investors tend to ask themselves is, has anything changed from a macro point of view?
One of the problems with trying to answer this question is that corrections generally are born out of a period of high confidence and/or complacency. A period where everyone knows the bullish case. A period where everyone is confident about the outlook. And a period where everyone "knows" what is going to happen next. Well, until something changes, that is.
The point is that when you are comfortable with your premise and everyone agrees with your view, seeing a change in the environment can be tough. Things are going well. Nobody wants anything to change. So, first understanding and then accepting the facts that (a) something is changing and (b) you may need to make adjustments to your portfolio strategy, can be challenging.
From my seat, we are seeing this type of scenario play out in the here and now. For example, one of the key fundamental drivers of the current bull market cycle has been robust corporate earnings. Make no mistake about it; earnings have been strong and have been consistently coming in above expectations. In fact, analysts project that EPS (earnings per share) growth for the S&P 500 will come in at 26.4% for calendar year 2018. Impressive.
Yet during the current earnings season, stocks have generally not been rewarded for their earnings/revenue "beats." Companies report earnings and revenues that are above expectations, management says good things about the business, and the stock proceeds to decline. What gives?
Heading The Wrong Direction
Besides the obvious worries about the impact of tariffs and rising rates, there appears to be something bigger at work here. As in, this may be as good as it gets on the earnings growth front for a while. And historically, this has been a problem.
Before we get to the numbers, it is vital to keep in mind that the stock market is a discounting mechanism of future expectations. We can argue until the cows come home about how far down the road the market tends to look. But the bottom line here is that the rate of earnings growth is going to slow in 2019. A lot.
Here's the math. For calendar year 2018, EPS for the S&P is expected to $157.38. For 2019, that number is projected to be $176.36, which is an increase of 12.07%. As such, the bulls can be heard telling folks that stocks can go higher because earnings are still movin' on up. And if earnings grow by 12%, it is logical that the major indices could climb at least at a similar rate.
But there are a couple problems with this thinking. First, the law of large numbers tells us that the current gangbuster earning growth rate is unsustainable (with 47% of the S&P 500 companies reporting, Q3 earnings are currently running at 29.3% above year ago levels). And second, a large part of the current earnings growth can be attributed to the tax stimulus bill, which won't be repeated.
Yes, It Is Counterintuitive, But...
The key point to understand is that while it may sound completely counterintuitive, the stock market tends to struggle when (a) earnings growth is high and (b) the rate of earnings growth decelerates.
According to Ned Davis Research, when annual EPS for the S&P 500 exceeds 20%, the gain per annum of the index since 1927 has been... wait for it... +2.64%. Compare this to the average return of +6.01% for the entire period and the annualized gain of +12.1% when year-over-year EPS growth is between +5% and -20%. Hmmm...
Here's the way this works. Since stocks are always looking ahead, the best returns occur after a downturn as the market begins to "discount" better days ahead. Conversely, by the time the anticipated strong earnings numbers actually show up, the good numbers have already been priced in and the market proceeds to look ahead and "discount" the future.
Looking at the rate of growth in EPS, NDR's computers tell us that when earnings growth begins to decelerate, returns have been subpar. And with the rate of growth that is currently expected, the S&P has averaged just 3.3% since 1928. Super.
More Bad News
Unfortunately, there is one more aspect of this analysis that tends to lean the bear camp's way. You see, analyst estimates for the coming year's earnings typically start out too high and then fall over time. This is illustrated on the chart below from Ned Davis Research. The squiggly lines within the red box at the bottom represent the progression of the consensus estimates for S&P 500 EPS over time.
You will note that from 2012 through 2016, the squiggly lines all move down and to the right. This means that as time goes on, estimates tend to move lower. Until 2018 and 2019, that is.
The teal line that looks different from the rest is 2018's case. As usual, the line began moving down and to the right. But then the tax bill got passed. Bam - earnings estimates went up.
Now look at line in the upper right. This is the consensus estimate for 2019. This line also doesn't look like the others. Instead of moving down and to the right, it is moving up and to the right. This means that analysts have been increasing their estimates for next year.
Will This Time Be Different?
This would seem to suggest that "this time it's different." But as most investors know, betting on those four words tends to be a death knell for portfolio performance.
So, will this time indeed be different? Or will earnings estimates start to come down due to stuff like, oh, I don't know; slowing economic growth, tariffs, supply chain disruptions, rising prices, rising rates, geopolitical issues, and/or rising inflation. Again, hmmm....
My takeaway from this analysis is that it is important to understand how the stock market game is played. So, for starters, as the saying goes, something that everybody already knows (in this case, strong earnings) isn't worth knowing - because it's already priced into the market.
But what most folks don't know is that the RATE of earnings growth is also very important. And with the current growth rate in the unsustainable zone and falling, this combination has historically been, at the very least, a headwind for stocks.
The good news is that stocks are currently entrenched in a corrective phase. This means the market very well could be "discounting" the declining rate of earnings growth as well as the various potential potholes that may appear on the road ahead.
It is also good news that Wall Street traders tend to overdo EVERYTHING! As such, it is safe to assume that if pessimism about the future takes root, it too will be overdone in time. This could lead to earnings expectations being too low, which could, of course, produce the type of "upside surprises" that tend to create strong and sustainable rallies.
But for now, it appears that investors are a bit concerned about the current earnings game.
Moving On... Now let's turn to the weekly review of my favorite indicators and market models...
I like to start each week with a review of the state of my favorite big-picture market models, which are designed to help me determine which team is in control of the primary trend.
The Bottom Line:
Once I've reviewed the big picture, I then turn to the "state of the trend." These indicators are designed to give us a feel for the overall health of the current short- and intermediate-term trend models.
The Bottom Line:
Next up are the momentum indicators, which are designed to tell us whether there is any "oomph" behind the current trend.
The Bottom Line:
We also focus each week on the "early warning" board, which is designed to indicate when traders might start to "go the other way" -- for a trade.
The Bottom Line:
Now let's move on to the market's "environmental factors" - the indicators designed to tell us the state of the big-picture market drivers including monetary conditions, the economy, inflation, and valuations.
The Bottom Line:
You are what your record says you are. -Bill Belichick
Here is the current positioning of the portfolio and our member ratings:
Effective Net Market Exposure Explained
The Effective Net Market Exposure is the "net long" position of the overall model portfolio after factoring in the impact of leveraged long positions such as SSO and QLD and/or short positions. Leveraged ETFs such as SSO are designed to deliver approximately twice the daily return of the underlying index. Thus, a 10% holding in the SSO equates to a 20% "net long" position to the portfolio.
Current Rating Explained
This is our rating for the day. The Current Rating tells you what action we would take if we did not currently hold the position. A "Buy" rating means we would be willing to purchase the position at current prices. A "Strong Buy" suggests this would be our first choice to buy. A "Hold" rating indicates we would not make new purchases at current levels. And a "Sell" rating indicates we will likely exit the position in the near-term.
Positions Can Change
Positions often change during the trading session. Remember that we will send a Trade Alert via SMS Text Message and/or Email BEFORE we ever make a move in the models.
At the time of publication, the editors hold long positions in the following securities mentioned: SSO, XLV, AAPL, MSFT, TGT, ABT, BA, WM, V - Note that positions may change at any time.
About the Portfolio:
The latest upgrade to the Daily Decision service went live on Monday, July 9. The new, state-of-the-art portfolio employs a modern, hedge fund style approach incorporating multiple methodologies, multiple strategies, and multiple time-frames. The portfolio is comprised of three parts:
The Aggressive Risk-Managed Growth portion is made up of five trading strategies and accounts for 50% of the portfolio. The Market Leadership portion makes up 20% of the portfolio. And the Top Guns Stocks portion (10 of our favorite stocks) will make up the final 30% of the portfolio.
All three of our strategies are run in a single Marketfy model - the model is currently labeled as the LEADERS model. The goal is to make the service simpler to follow by putting everything in one place.
Wishing You All The Best in Your Investing Endeavors!
The Front Range Trading Team
NOT INVESTMENT ADVICE. The analysis and information in this report and on our website is for informational purposes only. No part of the material presented in this report or on our websites is intended as an investment recommendation or investment advice. Neither the information nor any opinion expressed nor any Portfolio constitutes a solicitation to purchase or sell securities or any investment program. The opinions and forecasts expressed are those of the editors and may not actually come to pass. The opinions and viewpoints regarding the future of the markets should not be construed as recommendations of any specific security nor specific investment advice. Investors should always consult an investment professional before making any investment.